Throughout human history methods of integrating mind and body have evolved - for purposes as diverse as the martial arts, improving health and spiritual practice. In the East Yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qi Gong, various performed rituals such as the Japanese Tea Ceremony: some ancient monastic traditions practised Sacred Dance.
The recognition by a few gifted individuals of the strong disconnect with the physical body in the West led to a swathe of theories, therapies and techniques designed to redress the balance; Wilhelm Reich's concept of muscle armouring; F Matthias Alexander's "Technique for the reeducation of the use of the self", Moshe Feldenkrais's Functional Integration and Awareness through Movement, many forms of movement, dance and somatic practice.
Underlying theories of these systems from East and West are more consistent with the principles of ancient medicine - i.e. that human beings have different energies which need to be kept in balance (expand)
- Western education focuses on intellect
- Physical exercise limitations